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2008/4/21 | L.15 Asking for Leave单独显示该日记

 

 
I. Background Knowledge & Vocabulary
II. Interpret Practice (别贪长,从小句子找到句式感)
III. How to ask for leave
 
leave, Holiday, vocation
leave休假
 
sick leave 病假 ask for sick leave
causal leave 事假 causal 偶然的,临时的
ma'ternal leave 妇女休产假 maternal 母系 paternal 父系
paternal leave 夫妻双方因为生孩子而休假
paid leave 带薪休假(动词的过去形式就成了形容词)
take paid leave 休带薪假
unpaid leave 无薪假期
wedding leave 婚假
 
holiday 不用take, 而用be on holiday   如: I am on holiday.
May Day holiday 五一假
paid holiday 英国英语 / paid vacation 美国英语
 
paid time off 带薪休假 PTO
Today I am off 今天我休假
 
PTO policy 公司休带薪假的政策
 
annual leave 年假   annual 每年一度的
I want to / wanna take my annual leave tomorrow. 我想明天休年假
I wanna == want to
 
I am gonna == I am going to
I'll use my annual leave.
If I use two of my pay vacation days now, I'll have ten day off in a row.
如果我用掉两天的年假,就有十天连假了。
(如果。。。 后面就是将来时)
in a row 连在一起
 
be off 休息
smell the flowers   闻花香——就是一种休闲的状态
No time to smell the flowers. 没有时间去休闲
How to stop and smell the flowers? 怎么样停下来让自己休闲一下
Allow and Permit
 
1allow / permit sth.     Allow smoking
2allow / permit sb to do sth    
3allow / permit doing sth       I allow you smoking / to smoke.
You are not permitted / allowed to smoke here. 你是不允许在这里抽烟的
Frobiden 如果是很严肃的话,就用这个词   you are frobiden……
He doesn't allow cats in the room.. 他不允许猫进入房内。
I'll come after the meeting if time permits. 如果时间允许的话我开完会就过去。
Permission
 
I will give you permission for flight school. 我将同意你去飞行学校。
You have my permission (to do sth.)
 
be away from home  离家一段时间
be on holiday  度假
be on business  出差
be present  出席
be absent   缺席
attend 参加
I'll attend the meeting tomorrow. 我明天将参加会议
 
No excuse 不要有借口
No next time   没有下一次
No Smoking 不准抽烟
 
I. Interpret Practice(别贪长,从小句子找到句式感)
 
1. 我可以请假吗?May I ask for leave?
2. 我有急事要办。I have something urgent to do.
3. 家里出了点急事。Something urgent came up at home.
4. 我在休假 I am on holidays.
5. 今天我休息 Today I'm off.
6. 我可以休假两天吗?May I have two days off?
7. 我要离开家一个星期 I'll be away from home for a week.
8. 你是来这里出差的吗?Are you on business here?
9. 都到齐了吗 Are all present?
10. 谁缺席了?Who's absent?
11. 昨天他没有参加会议。He didn't attend the meeting yesterday.
 
Be away from home,  Be on holiday,  Be on business,  Be present,  Be absent
 
Are all / you guys present?
Keep away from….. 远离……
urgent
something+形容词   something urgent
everything   anything 
something new 新的事
something bad 坏的事
come up---发生
 
A:大家早上好,我们现在开始上课吧。
B:老师早上好。
A:都到齐了吗?谁缺席了?
B:汤姆缺席了。
A:他去哪儿了?
B:他回家了,他妈妈生病了。他让我替他向您请假。
A:哦,很遗憾,他什么时候能回学校呢?
B:他后天回学校。
A:还有谁缺席?
B:托尼。
A:他怎么了?
B:对不起,我不知道。
A:今天谁缺席?
B:李华不在。
A:他去哪儿了?
B:我不知道,问问他的同桌。( deskmate )
A:李华请假了吗?
TOM: 他没请。
A:他怎么了?
TOM:他也许生病了。
A:你有他的电话号码吗?
TOM:有,我这就找给你。
 
Let's begin
Let's get started
He have gone back home
go back home回家
He has gone back home
 
he went back home yestertoday
be back home
be ill
he is ill
he is absent
has
 
ask for leave请假
ask for leave for
let sb do sth
let+动词原形
Let's go
let Chris open the door
Have you got his phone number?
 
I have got sht.有。。。。。
I have
Do you have////?
 
I.     How to ask for leave
 
A: Mr. Emory, I'd like to take this afternoon off if it's all right with you.
艾默利先生,我今天下午想请假,可以吗?
B: But Sam, you've called in sick 5 times in the last three weeks.
萨姆,你这三周来已经请了5次假了。
A: I know, Mr. Emory. I'm sorry. But I really need to see the doctor this afternoon. I feel dizzy and I can't concentrate on my work.
我知道,对不起。但是我今天下午必须去看医生,我头晕而且不能专心工作。
B: All right, then. But don't forget to bring a doctor's note tomorrow.
好吧,但是记着明天把医生开的证明拿来。
 
三种请假的讲法:
I'd like to
1. take
    off
2. ask for leave
3. May I have .....off?
 
又一个表示请病假的方法,call in sick   vi.请病假
但它是一个不及物动词,不能跟时间(后面不能跟for......  时间)
 
clinic 诊所
 
drug store药店 
Asprine
 
frant 
faint
dizzy
 
concentrate on 专心于
doctor's note 医生的证明
bring 拿过来
 
可以这样写假条
Peter, I would like to know if I could ask for a casual leave for one day on April 4th, this Wednesday.
 
I would like to know if 我是否可以
 
I could ask for a casual leave for one day on April 4th, this Wednesday.
其实可以简单表达为:I'd like to ask for... 上面的写法是很小心的
 
1. at+点时间(at常用来表示在某点时间,即"在几点几分;在某一时刻" )
 
9点钟 at 9:00 o'clock
at noon 就是12
at night 是一个特例
at midnight 午夜十二点
at weekend 周末
以上四个都是对的
 
at that time
at this moment
 
2. in在某一段时间
月份、年
In May
In 1997
几个特例:
In the morning
In the afternoon
In the evening
 
在将来时用In+一段时间表示未来的一段时间
 
In two days 未来的两天时间
他两天后会回来。He will be back in two days
 
He will be back in two days 十分钟后开饭
 
The meeting will be held in next Monday 会议在下周一举行
 
3. on在某天或星期几, 在某天的上、下午或晚上
日、星期
On Saturday
On June 15
On Monday morning /afternoon / evening
On May Day    在五一
 
外国人在请假时会这么说:
My daughter Mary is sick.
 
He is ill      但是有时ill---恶心
His head is sick 他脑子有病
He is very ill 这样说就是指“病入膏盲”了
 
I'm not feeling good.我不太舒服
under the weather
I am under the weather 我不在状态
 
down with a bug
let sb. down 让某人失望
I am down with a bug
 
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